One of the main problems relating to the construction sector, to date, is still, unfortunately, what concerns architectural barriers: an important problem, which should not be underestimated, even in the private sector. However, there are choices that can be made, such as the one concerning the purchase and relative implementation of a bathroom for the disabled at home. What do you need to know? Here are features, tips, and advice on this.
Bathrooms for the disabled: the features
When we talk about improving the quality of life of disabled people, we are not only referring to what can be done in public, with the precise and careful choice of structural parts designed to break down the much-hated architectural barriers. But the reference is also made to the possible choice to improve the quality of the intimate life of the disabled person, thus giving the possibility of living independently and not having to depend on anyone for what concerns at least the intimate and physiological aspect.
Needed in public places, disabled toilets can be an important choice to make even in private homes.
But of course, in order to be defined “in accordance with the law,” they must refer to a specific set of characteristics concerning dimensions and measurements, and much more. So let’s see what the characteristics of disabled bathrooms are:
First of all, it is important to remember that even if no prescriptions or rules are specified regarding this type of bathroom, it is still good to guarantee the adequate movement inside the bathroom: it goes without saying, therefore, that it is good that the disabled or handicapped person can move freely and independently within the bathroom, even with his aids or, for example, with a wheelchair.
For this reason, there are no specific maximum dimensions, but there are minimum dimensions, which must guarantee movement also from the side of the toilet bowl and the bidet: this space must be at least 100 cm. The size that goes from the wheelchair to the bathtub must be 140 cm, while the one that allows the adequate movement in front of the sink is at least 80 cm.
There are also general characteristics that can somehow facilitate movement, but also liveability within the spaces and environments of the bathroom. For example:
- It would be good if the door opens outwards, so as to guarantee the possibility of entry from the outside in case of accidental falls;
- Lavabo, WC and in general all the sanitary fittings must be adequate for the comfortable and safe use by the disabled person, also with the installation of handrails, handles and support points for movements;
- Near the vase, or the shower, you need to install an emergency bell, which allows the full safety of the disabled person;
- It is also very important that the taps are easy to use even for those who have difficulty not only walking but also in a grip.
Disabled toilets: the legislation
To obtain maximum safety for the disabled, it is important to refer to the legislation, or what has been established by law regarding the construction or replacement of a bathroom for the disabled. All of this, of course, to provide maximum protection and protection for the disabled person, who can and must move freely and independently, without any fear and thus being able to fulfill his actual needs.
What was decreed in this regard by the Ministry of Public Works with Ministerial Decree 14/6/1989 n 236 guarantees, therefore:
- The full accessibility of the disabled person in a public building. In this way, the subject does not have to renounce any specific need that concerns him, thanks to the guarantee of being able to use the bathroom in total autonomy;
- The full adaptability of the private building to the specific needs and needs of the disabled person;
- The demolition of architectural barriers, which very often constitute a brake, in fact, for the subject.
Apart from the general indications and the specific ones concerning minimum measurements and dimensions to refer to, we must not forget that to really get the most out of this opportunity. It is also good to ask the ASL of belonging for advice.
All the specific rules to be respected and contained in the decree are suitable to make the disabled person’s autonomous movement possible and above all, the safe movement within the intimate environment.